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Rails Generate model

Reference & Command Builder

Published: 2023-05-11
Author: Harrison Broadbent
Type: Reference & Command Builder

Rails Generate Model

Rails Generate Model (rails g model) is the Rails model generator. You already know what a model is — they represent the domain models of your application, and house the business logic that governs how they interact.

For example, an e-commerce store app would have models like Product, Cart, SKU etc.

As with all the model-based generators, you can pass quite sophisticated arguments for the model fields —

# name has a 30 character limit and a unique index
rails g model Product name:string{30}:uniq
# SKU refernces product model polymorphically with a standard index
rails g model SKU product:references{polymorphic}:index

Command Builder for rails g model

rails g model 

Model name

Model fields (as pairs)

Generator Options

Runtime Options

# Command Options
❯ rails g model

  rails generate model NAME [field[:type][:index] field[:type][:index]] [options]

      [--skip-namespace], [--no-skip-namespace]              # Skip namespace (affects only isolated engines)
      [--skip-collision-check], [--no-skip-collision-check]  # Skip collision check
      [--force-plural], [--no-force-plural]                  # Forces the use of the given model name
  -o, --orm=NAME                                             # ORM to be invoked
                                                             # Default: active_record

ActiveRecord options:
        [--migration], [--no-migration]        # Indicates when to generate migration
                                               # Default: true
        [--timestamps], [--no-timestamps]      # Indicates when to generate timestamps
                                               # Default: true
        [--parent=PARENT]                      # The parent class for the generated model
        [--indexes], [--no-indexes]            # Add indexes for references and belongs_to columns
                                               # Default: true
        [--primary-key-type=PRIMARY_KEY_TYPE]  # The type for primary key
  --db, [--database=DATABASE]                  # The database for your model's migration. By default, the current environment's primary database is used.
  -t,   [--test-framework=NAME]                # Test framework to be invoked
                                               # Default:

Runtime options:
  -f, [--force]                    # Overwrite files that already exist
  -p, [--pretend], [--no-pretend]  # Run but do not make any changes
  -q, [--quiet], [--no-quiet]      # Suppress status output
  -s, [--skip], [--no-skip]        # Skip files that already exist

# Command Description
    Generates a new model. Pass the model name, either CamelCased or
    under_scored, and an optional list of attribute pairs as arguments.

    Attribute pairs are field:type arguments specifying the
    model's attributes. Timestamps are added by default, so you don't have to
    specify them by hand as 'created_at:datetime updated_at:datetime'.

    As a special case, specifying 'password:digest' will generate a
    password_digest field of string type, and configure your generated model and
    tests for use with Active Model has_secure_password (assuming the default ORM
    and test framework are being used).

    You don't have to think up every attribute up front, but it helps to
    sketch out a few so you can start working with the model immediately.

    This generator invokes your configured ORM and test framework, which
    defaults to Active Record and TestUnit.

    Finally, if --parent option is given, it's used as superclass of the
    created model. This allows you create Single Table Inheritance models.

    If you pass a namespaced model name (e.g. admin/account or Admin::Account)
    then the generator will create a module with a table_name_prefix method
    to prefix the model's table name with the module name (e.g. admin_accounts)

Available field types:

    Just after the field name you can specify a type like text or boolean.
    It will generate the column with the associated SQL type. For instance:

        `bin/rails generate model post title:string body:text`

    will generate a title column with a varchar type and a body column with a text
    type. If no type is specified the string type will be used by default.
    You can use the following types:


    You can also consider `references` as a kind of type. For instance, if you run:

        `bin/rails generate model photo title:string album:references`

    It will generate an `album_id` column. You should generate these kinds of fields when
    you will use a `belongs_to` association, for instance. `references` also supports
    polymorphism, you can enable polymorphism like this:

        `bin/rails generate model product supplier:references{polymorphic}`

    For integer, string, text and binary fields, an integer in curly braces will
    be set as the limit:

        `bin/rails generate model user pseudo:string{30}`

    For decimal, two integers separated by a comma in curly braces will be used
    for precision and scale:

        `bin/rails generate model product 'price:decimal{10,2}'`

    You can add a `:uniq` or `:index` suffix for unique or standard indexes

        `bin/rails generate model user pseudo:string:uniq`
        `bin/rails generate model user pseudo:string:index`

    You can combine any single curly brace option with the index options:

        `bin/rails generate model user username:string{30}:uniq`
        `bin/rails generate model product supplier:references{polymorphic}:index`

    If you require a `password_digest` string column for use with
    has_secure_password, you can specify `password:digest`:

        `bin/rails generate model user password:digest`

    If you require a `token` string column for use with
    has_secure_token, you can specify `auth_token:token`:

        `bin/rails generate model user auth_token:token`

    `bin/rails generate model account`

        For Active Record and TestUnit it creates:

            Model:      app/models/account.rb
            Test:       test/models/account_test.rb
            Fixtures:   test/fixtures/accounts.yml
            Migration:  db/migrate/XXX_create_accounts.rb

    `bin/rails generate model post title:string body:text published:boolean`

        Creates a Post model with a string title, text body, and published flag.

    `bin/rails generate model admin/account`

        For Active Record and TestUnit it creates:

            Module:     app/models/admin.rb
            Model:      app/models/admin/account.rb
            Test:       test/models/admin/account_test.rb
            Fixtures:   test/fixtures/admin/accounts.yml
            Migration:  db/migrate/XXX_create_admin_accounts.rb